Wildlife in Etosha National Park

Etosha National Park is located in northwest Namibia and has an area of about 22 270 square kilometers. The park is located in Kunene and has Oshana, Otjozondjupa and Oshikoto as the neighboring regions. The name Etosha means “Great White Place”, possibly derived from the massive salt pan that is characteristic of the place that is said to be visible from space. The pan covers about 25% of the park. It was declared a game reserve in 1907 and then elevated to national park status in 1967 through legislation by the then Republic of South Africa, which had jurisdiction at the time. Since then, it has become one of the most important game reserves in Southern Africa.

The park is a habitat for many species of mammals, reptiles, birds and some species that are endangered or threatened. To be more precise, according to Namibian.org, 114 species of mammals, 340 bird species, 110 species of reptiles, 16 species of amphibians and one species of fish. The salty pan used to be a lake that dried up thousands of years ago. However, the pan fills up with water seasonally during heavy rains. The temporary pond attracts large flocks of wading birds including flamingoes and other wildlife such as giraffes and elephants to the water.

The vegetation in the park consists of woodlands and Savanah except in areas near the pan where the conditions are only conducive to a type of grass called the halophytic Sporobolussalsus, which is food for wildebeasts and springbok. The most common tree is the Mopane, which estimated to consist of about 60% of the tree population in the park. Acacia trees are also common, but they are mainly found in the north-eastern side of the park. Tamboti trees dominateTamboti the south. Dwarf shrub savannah is found around to the pan due to the presence of sandy soils. Thornbush Savannah which survives on alkaline and limestone soils are also found close to the pan.

Hunting and encroachment nearly exterminated some large mammals such as elephants and lions in the late 19th century. Preserving the animals was one of the primary reasons for setting up the game reserve. However, some animals like wild dogs and buffalo have been extinct in the park since the mid-20th century. Other animals that have gone extinct in the park include the African Buffalo and the cape wild dog.  Wildlife in Etosha National Park  could be broadly grouped by ease of spotting it. There are animals that are rare to spot in the park while some can easily be seen grazing, hunting or moving about in the park.

The best locations to get the best game viewing is at the many waterholes found around the park, especially during dry seasons when their number decreases hence the animals have to find and rely on the more permanent ones. The permanent and larger waterholes attract large herds of zebras, springbok and elephants who come to drink and cool down.

Etosha National Park is home to four of the African big 5. Leopards are more elusive and hard to spot as they hide in the dense vegetation. Elephants and lions are, however, common and easier to see. Of the big 5, the Etosha national park provides a healthy dose of the black rhinoceros population. The endangered beast can easily be seen at the many waterholes and grasslands. The black-faced impala and the fleet footed cheetah constitute other rare and endangered animals that can be found in Etosha National park. Other rare animals are the southern white rhinoceros, the southern African cheetah, serval, the black footed cat, the dwarf mongoose, the ground pangolin and the common eland.

Some animals that are fairly common and easily seen include the African bush elephant, the Angolan giraffe, the southwest African lion, the African leopard, the south African cheetah, the caracal, the African wildcat, the black backed jackal, the bat eared fox, the cape fox, the brown and spotted hyenas, the aardwolf, the meerkat, the banded and the yellow mongoose, the common genet, the common warthog, the spring hare, the African ground squirrel, the crested porcupine, plains zebras, mountain zebras, springbok and wildebeest.

Etosha National Park is home to a wide variety of bird species. To give an overview, the most common species are lesser flamingoes, the white pelican, the ostrich, the blue cranes, storks, eagles, crows, waterfowls, kites, falcons, waders, sandgrouse, herons and pigeons, to name but a few.

National Park parks a rich and diverse collection of wildlife that allows for conservation and protection of the species while providing a great sight for tourists.

 

 

 

 

 

Tips on Finding the Best Golf Courses to Visit During Vacation

Tips on Finding the Best Golf Courses to Visit During VacationIf you like to hit the links, you can find amazing places to play all over the world. You can plan an entire vacation around your game, or you can just plan to fit in a few holes while you are visiting a new place. Whatever kind of trip you are planning, you will need to identify the best golf courses so you can get the most out of your experience while you are there.

Here are a few tips on how you can find the best greens when you are traveling away from home:

Learn about Course Characteristics

All golf courses are designed a bit differently. Sure, the end result is to get the ball in the hole, but you may have to make it over hilly terrain, deal with huge sandbars, or manage other obstacles along the way. Some places are designed for a more professional skill set, while others are created with amateurs in mind. They may offer the full 18 holes, or they may only offer nine. Make sure you know exactly what to expect from the green before you sign up for a game. You’ll be operating on limited time, and you don’t want to waste any of it on an unsatisfying game.

Look for Places Open to the Public

Some of the very best golf courses in the world are not open to the public. You usually must have a membership to the country club or to the greens themselves. If you are just visiting, you aren’t likely to invest in a membership. Make sure you find out whether the course is open to the public before you put it on your list. You don’t want to wait until you’re turned away at the door to find out that you aren’t going to be able to play there.

Find Out about Greens Fees

Even if the golf courses you choose are open to the public, they will still charge you fees for the privilege of playing. You may also be required to pay additional fees for required items. Some places will provide a discount at certain times of the week or certain times of the day — usually the least busy days and times. If you want to play somewhere that charges high fees, you can still make it fit your budget by planning your game during one of these discounted times. Add in caddy fees and other charges you may face.

Playing a round of golf is a great way to relax, helping you to enjoy your vacation even more. Going to new golf courses on your vacation can help you enjoy a little variety in your game. Make sure that you research potential places to play before you make your agenda to ensure that they will meet your needs and fit your budget. These tips can help you identify the right places to play so that you have a game and a vacation to remember.

Top 3 Ways to Increase Your Golfing Skills

Golfers are always looking for great ways to increase their skills. I put together a list of the top 3 ways to increase your golfing skills without having to pay a trainer to help you.

Elbow Needs To Be Touching Your Hip

One of the biggest mistakes I see most golfers make is not keeping their elbow touching their hip. It’s very easy to overlook this step because it feels natural for your elbows to stick out to the side but try to avoid doing that at all cost. Your elbow touching your hip keep your club nice and straight so that you have more control when you hit the ball.

Let Your Golf Club Do Its Job

Most golfers think that the harder you hit the ball, the further it will go. This is not necessarily true. It takes a precise swing, directly in the middle of the ball to make it go far. If you are swinging to hard and are not hitting the exact part of the club that you need to, the shot is going to slice or become a fresh air shot. Take your time and make sure you are hitting the right spot on the club and once you have mastered that, then move on to hitting the ball with more power.

Hip Rotation

Your entire body should be moving whenever you are taking a swing. If you only use your upper body strength, you will not get the full amount of power you could get if you were putting your hips into the swing. As your swing come down, your hips should follow that same motion. It’s almost like you are mimicking the motion the golf club. Your hips should swing at almost the same speed as the golf club. Watch the professionals on TV when the take a swing. It’s almost like they are using their whole body to make the hit.

Stay Fit

Swinging the golf club uses a lot of muscles that aren’t normally used that often. Having a strict workout regiment couples with practice helps increase your game. The more fit your core, back, legs and arms are, the better the chance of you hitting the ball correctly every time and with consistency. Your muscles have memory and the more you use them, the more memory they will retain.

Golf is a very challenging sport but when you use the right techniques and preparation it becomes easier with time.

Five Golf Courses Worth Traveling To

Golf, as we know it, was started in Scotland during the mid-15th century. It is a sport that is filled with history, tradition, and legends. It wasn’t until the late 18th century that golf made its way over to America. If you’re a fan of the sport, traveling to golf courses can be an exciting way to see the world. Here’s a list of five golf courses that every golfer should visit.

1. St. Andrews, Old Course

No list of golf destinations would be complete without talking about St. Andrew’s course. It’s one of the oldest golf courses in the world and is often called the “Home of Golf.” It’s located in Fife, Scotland. You’ll get the chance to soak in the history of golf while digging around for your ball in the Scottish heather.

2. Pebble Beach Golf Links

When you’re done relaxing at their world-class spa, take a swing on the rocky California cliffs at Pebble Beach. They’ve hosted the U.S. Open five times. Take a swing on the same course played on by great golfers such as Jack Nicklaus and Graeme McDowell.

3. Osaka Golf Club

Located about an hour north of Osaka, Japan, this course is nestled among the striking cliffs of Osaka Bay. It was established in 1937, when the influence of Western culture was spreading through Japan. The course was closed and confiscated by the Allies during WWII. It wasn’t until 1953 that the course re-opened.

4. Royal West Norfolk Golf Club

Located in Norfolk, England, this club was established in 1892. The course was built on a series of narrow strips of land between Brancaster Bay and salt marshes. Be sure to check the tides before you play! During high tides, the course turns into an island. If you’re not up for the adventure of golfing on a half-flooded course, have a drink and a snack at their Victorian clubhouse.

5. Princeville at Hanalei

If you’re looking to play a round of golf on one of the most beautiful golf courses in the world, this is your place. The Princeville course is located on the scenic Hawaiian island of Kauai. You’ll be surrounded by lush green mountains and the rolling waves of the Pacific Ocean, as you make your way down the steep slopes of this challenging course.

Five Tips For What to Wear at Golf Courses

It is difficult to find a better way to spend an afternoon than to play a round of golf. Not only do you get to spend time outside, but you get to enjoy the rich sense of history and tradition that the game offers. Some of that tradition also extends to the wardrobe, and if you are new to hitting the links, it is not always easy to know what the ideal golf attire. These four tips can help take some of the guesswork of choosing an outfit, so you always feel comfortable and look on point when you’re visiting your favorite golf courses.

Check the Rules

Before you pick up your clubs, check with the facility that you’re playing at to see what their wardrobe rules are. Some courses may have very specific guidelines, such as no jeans allowed or the proper length for shorts. Familiarizing yourself with these recommendations can make it much easier to plan an outfit and ensure that you don’t wind up feeling out of place.

Get Collared

When you’re choosing a shirt, it’s always a good idea to opt for a collared style for hitting the links. Some facilities don’t require them, but they’re usually the preferred look on the links. You can go with a button-down collared option or a polo style, depending on your preference. In warm weather, choose a short-sleeved, collared shirt. In cool weather, opt for a long-sleeve style. Some courses allow women to wear sleeveless shirts in warm weather, so check the guidelines before you head out.

Stay Classic

Golf courses tend to have a more traditional dress code, so it’s best to wear classic clothing items on the green. Instead of your favorite pair of jeans, opt for khaki pants or shorts. When you’re wearing shorts, pay careful attention to their length. Extremely short shorts aren’t appropriate for the links, but very long styles can look sloppy and out of place too. Choose Bermuda style shorts that hit just above the knees. Women can also opt for golf skirts instead of shorts in warm weather.

Keep Your Cool

To ensure peak performance when you hit the links in warm weather, it’s important to choose clothes that help you keep cool. Choose shirts, pants, shorts, and other items that are made of lightweight, breathable materials like cotton. You can even find some pieces that are made from a knit mesh wicking material that helps pull moisture away from the body, so if you sweat out on the back nine, you’ll still stay cool and dry.

Stay Trim

If you play in cool or inclement weather, you’ll probably need a jacket or some type of rain wear to keep you warm and dry. When you’re choosing outerwear for golf courses, though, opt for pieces with trim, close fit. If you wear pieces that are bulky or oversized, they can affect your mobility and alter your swing — and who wants to add strokes to their game just to stay warm or dry?

Making the Most of Your Staycation

Trying to rein in spending this summer? This year, forgo the pricey vacation and opt for the cheap and cheerful staycation. Staycations can be a surprisingly fun alternative, if you put a little planning and effort into it. Dial down the day-to-day drudgery and schedule in loads of exciting activities – and your holiday will be a resounding success!

Drop the Routine:

    • Treat work the same as you would, when out of the country. Can’t avoid being ‘on call’? Keep it to emergencies. Otherwise it isn’t a proper vacation.

    • Take care of household chores beforehand, or afterwards. A relaxing holiday doesn’t include laundry, cleaning and grocery shopping.

    • Clear the family calendar. Take a break from regularly scheduled obligations, classes and sports. Replace with fun-filled, group activities.

  • Set appropriate expectations within your social circle i.e. you’ll be unreachable for the duration, or responding to urgent issues only.

Switch Off Electronics:

    • Utilize ‘out-of-office’ settings on computers and phones. Others will be less likely to panic when you don’t respond instantly.

    • Turn off the idiot box. PVR your favourite programs and catch up afterwards; Or better yet, prove that you can live without TV for a week or two.

    • Ditch the video games. Leave the virtual world behind and enjoy some real fun for a change.

    • Put the smart phone down! Make a pact to minimize calls (work and personal) and set up a fine system for family members that circumvent the rules. Spend the extra cash on holiday adventures.

  • Avoid surfing the net. If you need to look something up, pop online quickly, then shut down. Email and the internet can be all consuming. Don’t get sucked into the vortex.

Focus on Fun:

    • What activities would you suggest to out-of-towners? Grab a local guidebook and re-discover your city’s top attractions.

    • Add a little drama to your life. Attend a summer blockbuster, a drive-in movie, a live theatre show, or devour a much anticipated book.

    • The sporty type? Take in a major league game, find a pool, water park or recreational area, or map out a personalized hiking or biking tour of the city.

    • Enjoy some cerebral relaxation at local museums, art galleries, historic properties, science centres and zoos. In Toronto, free tickets are available at your library.

    • If you’re near open water, consider a boating excursion. Rent kayaks, take sailing lessons, or book a ferry tour, for a great day on the waves.

    • Gather family and friends for a good old-fashioned picnic or BBQ, at a community park. Bring along refreshments, toys and games to keep everyone occupied and content.

    • Foodies will gobble up the chance to visit new/favourite restaurants and social butterflies are likely to appreciate concerts, pub crawls or clubbing.

  • Schedule a daytrip to explore beyond city limits. Find cheap thrills at the amusement park, savour a regional wine tour, bask at a nearby beach, or nibble your way through your local farmers market.

Staycations aren’t synonymous with deprivation. Break from your regular routine, channel your inner tourist and don’t waste a moment! You’ll return to work refreshed and recharged – and still have money in your pocket. It just might be the best vacation you’ve ever had.

Chicago Staycation

Living paycheck to paycheck most definitely means vacations are a luxury of the few. Even a flight to the east coast to visit my own family is out of the question this year, as finances need to be controlled. As a mom I feel guilty for not being able to give my son the experience of traveling to diverse destinations or even the Lake Erie Peninsula of my youth. In the city of Chicago itself, even a typical staycation needs the budget pruned.

Flush the guilt away. What matters most is time spent together. Here are some options to higher cost alternatives.

If you can’t afford to go to a Chicago Bulls game attend a local University’s basketball game, i.e. Depaul, University of Chicago, Loyola, etc. My 8 yr old was just as happy, and it was pizza night at the game, so we saved money on concessions with a slice of free pizza.

Can’t afford the Mexican Resort?- Take your kids to Pilsen the Mexican neighborhood right off the 18th st. pink line train stop. Your kids will be able to experience authentic Mexican culture in America rather than a sterile cruise and resort where everyone speaks English. Get educated at The National Museum of Mexican Art located at 1859 W. 19th St. Visit a Panaderia(Mexican bakery). Let your kids pick a yummy pastry. Don’t forget to pick one out for yourself too!

The week after, visit Chinatown! When the weather is warmer take the kids to Ping Tom Park. The possibilities of touring the world within Chicago are endless.

Resort activities- How about taking your kids and doing Zumba together? This works better for children 7 and older. I took my son to a Zumba class with the permission of the teacher. Set the example for your kids that movement is wonderful.

How about family karaoke? A great place to do karaoke with the family over dinner is at Hiromi’s located on 3609 W. Lawrence. It’s a quaint family run Filipino/Japanese karaoke restaurant. No stage needed. You can sit right at the table and sing your heart out with the kids.

Tour boats in Chicago can be expensive. Have you ever thought of Chicago’s Water Taxi? An All day pass is $10.00 for the weekend. You can get on and off at various points in downtown Chicago as well as Ping Tom Park in Chinatown.

I would be remiss if I did not mention the wonderful museums. A favorite museum of both tourists and Chicagoans alike is the Museum of Science and Industry. A highlyinteractive museum that will keep the kids busy for hours.

You can build memories that last a lifetime without an expensive vacation. Enjoy the city and most importantly, the time spent with your family.

Take A Day Trip To A Blueberry Farm

Take A Day Trip To A Blueberry FarmJuly is when blueberries come into season, both wild and cultivated high bush. Depending on how the weather has been and which part of the country you live in, it can be anytime from the beginning of the month through the first few weeks. Here are some tips for visiting a blueberry farm.

Call Before You Leave/Check the Website

If you aren’t sure what the hours of the farm are, or what the weather might be like, or if they can accommodate your Uncle Charlie’s wheelchair, call first. There is nothing more disappointing then driving there, especially if you have to drive a long way, only to find out you made your trip in vain. The farm is more than happy to answer whatever questions you have before hand on the phone. Weather is a fickle thing and it might not be raining at your house, but an hour away it could be pouring buckets. On a similar note check to see if the farm has a website, or a Facebook page. Often times the information you need is going to be listed right on the page. They will tell you what their policies are, what the weather conditions are, what they are currently picking and what their hours are.

Leave Your Strollers/Large Bags/Pets/Buckets at Home

Strollers are awkward to maneuver through the rows of a blueberry farm, and often the terrain is rough. It also makes it hard for the farm staff to keep an eye on potential “shoplifters”. The same is true for large bags. If you must bring a large bag, plan on leaving it secured in the trunk of your car while you are picking.

Most farms have a no-pets policy. This is for the safety of the visitors, and any animals they may have on their farm. Please leave your dogs at home.

You bought the cute berry picking baskets from the local basket making company. You have pails that your great-aunt Sheila picked in when she was a girl. Your family has been using the same buckets for decades. Keep them at home and put them on display, or take them hiking and use them to pick wild berries. Most pick your own farms provide you with pails to use and have policies that prevent you from using your own.

Visit Early In the Day

Blueberries thrive in hot, sunny conditions, and the fields they grow in offer very little shade. The temperature might only read 82*f on the thermostat, but out in the sun of the field it is going to feel a lot hotter. On top of that, the bushes hold the heat and it is easy on a really hot day to get overheated. The best time for picking is in the morning, before the berries get too hot. After noontime on a day when the temperatures soar into the high 80’s and 90’s, the berries will be hot and soft and once you get home they won’t keep as well.

Wear a Hat and Bring Water

A large floppy hat that keeps the sun off of your face and neck is the best choice. If all you have is a baseball cap that will certainly work as well. The goal is to keep the sun off of your head and provide you with a little bit of shade and coolness. Picking blueberries is not hard work, but on a hot day you can quickly become dehydrated in the heat of the field. Drinking lots of water will keep you safe and allow you to enjoy your time at the farm.

Leave the Bag in the Bucket

If your farm hands you a pail with a plastic bag in it, please keep it there. You may have read Blueberries for Sal with your children before you left, and they want to hear the “plink, plink, plink” like in the book, but after a handful or two of berries, they aren’t going to plink anyhow. The bag is there to help the staff weigh your berries when you are finished picking, and for you to get your berries home safely and easily. Those pails may have been on the farm for a long time and could be a little dirty and rusty. You don’t want your hard picked berries right in them now, do you?

It’s Pick Your Own, Not Self-Serve

Of course, you need to taste a FEW of the berries to make sure that you like the variety that you are picking, especially if you have multiple varieties to pick from. Selling berries is the farmer’s livelihood, and if you eat as many berries as you pick, you are essentially stealing from them. Pick to your hearts delight, then take your berries home and enjoy them.

Top Tips for Getting Away From It All, Without Actually Getting Away

I have just booked a holiday, the kind of holiday I have never booked before… an all inclusive week long spa break. I have almost always gone away in search of something; adventure, creativity, exploration (of self and the world), romance, culture, learning… but now I know all this is available on my own doorstep I feel less of a need for a holiday and strangely, I feel like I need to need this kind of holiday!

This got me thinking and in a recent survey I did in my own head, it seems that many people reach a certain point, let’s call it a breaking point, and decide they need a holiday. The ten main reasons for going on holiday, according to the aforementioned survey, were as follows;

1) Need to get away from work/life stress

2) To relax

3) To get quality time with loved ones

4) Habit – “we always get away at this time of year.”

5) A break from the norm

6) A new experience/different culture

7) To have some fun – nightlife, a sporting event, or just an adventure.

8) To get some sun/a tan (so that you can feel happy/look healthy)

9) It’s on my bucket list – “I’ve always wanted to go there.”

10) Facebook is showing that everyone else is doing it and I need some new pics to get everyone jealous.

The funny thing about holidays is that sometimes booking them seems to add stress. For example, people often book their two week break, and then spend months telling others (before and after) that they can’t afford anything else because they have just paid for/been on their holidays (which of course must include a whole new wardrobe and toiletry stock up). There are also those that worry about their work, either before they go, desperately trying to tie up ALL lose ends (they can’t possibly delegate), or whilst away, or when they come back to hundreds of emails. This kind of thinking is what makes some believe they can’t take a break at all.

So how can you get the same results that a holiday gives you, without actually going on holiday?

Here are my top tips for getting away from it all, without actually getting away:

1) Make the most of your free time – don’t just come home on a Friday night and eat dinner in front of the TV. Plan a date night; a quick drink after work or a dinner date does not cut into your chill out time, it’s part of it!

2) Schedule in a couple of hours at the weekend or an evening in the week to do something for you. Get creative, read a book quietly in a cafe, or simply sit in a warm bath. Make sure other people are aware this is happening and it’s for you… not to get away from them, but to reconnect with yourself. Equally, schedule in quality time with loved ones – a lift to football practice or food shopping with your partner does not count!

3) Think good thoughts and you really don’t notice the rain… and share that with others, smile at strangers.

4) Have a themed night in. Mexico, Italy, France, Asia..get everyone to bring a dish using unusual fruit and veg, get dressed up, find some tunes, decorate the dining room, rent a relevant movie… bring the culture to you.

5) Once a month turn a weekend into an adventure – jump on a random bus, stick your finger on a map, make a list of places you want to go and can get to, put the ideas in a hat and pick one, or simply take a walk and get off the beaten track. The key here is to be excited about what you might discover.

6) Have a night out with the girls – slap on some fake tan and bust out the summer time tunes as you get glammed up.

7) Focus on what you have got – I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again, grateful people are so much happier than those always chasing something else. Write a gratitude dairy every couple of days and reflect when needed.

8) Relax – meditate, swim, do a yoga/mindfulness class, have a lay in… whatever works for you, do it… and do it often.

9) Really look at things around you in wonder – see things differently and you will find many wonders already in your world.

10) Be silly – letting your hair down isn’t just for children or when alcohol is involved. Go dance in the kitchen and sing in the street!

BONUS TIP – Love what you do. (And if you don’t love what you do, get a coach. OK, so I’m biased, but some of the most successful people I know have had help to unpack their suitcase full of overwhelm and feel free without having to take flight.)

5 Helpful Car Rental Tips

All of us look forward to saving as much as we can. When it comes to traveling, it matters even more. Although many travelers focus on saving through cheap airfares and hotel deals, there is a lot more attention that needs to be paid to the car rental costs. You’d be surprised to come across how high these can be. One common misconception is that these car rental rates are all the same and there is no point in planning before time.

You certainly need those wheels on your next trip. However, you can save through so many ways to cut down the never ending cost of car rental. Here are some of our best advices.

1. Join a Loyalty Program
Although there are still a lot of travelers who hesitate upon joining any extra programs, there is no reason why you shouldn’t. A loyalty program is great because signing up is free of cost and the long term benefits are great. It might be stressful to understand the procedures initially, but who would mind getting upgrades and perks? With being a loyal member, you’ve significant chances of improving your status. Just like frequent fliers are benefitted with the loyalty program of an airline, joining a rental car loyalty rewards program would be a great way to save!

2. Make Use of Coupons
Before booking, it’s always worthwhile to look out for coupons and deals related to car rentals. No matter what time of the year you’re traveling, there’s plenty for those in need. The best part of possessing coupons is that you’re rewarded for over and beyond the discounts you get as a frequent flyer. At Alamo, Avis, Dollar and Budget, you will come across the hottest deals on car rentals.

3. Avoid the Airport
Because of the convenience, a lot of us end up making the mistake of paying higher at the airport. To save a lot more, all you have to do it so allow yourself more time and commute out of the airport vicinity. This would help you to come across several choices of offsite agencies that would offer you some great rates. Although this challenges your convenience and comforts, you can benefit in the form of huge savings.

4. Lengthen your Reservation
A lot of us when trying to save money book for exactly the same duration as needed. Try doing it otherwise next time. This is because reserving for a longer time can substantially lower your base rate. For instance, weekend rates are often higher in comparison to weekdays. Luckily, many car rental companies give a good return even if you hand back the car earlier than expected. However, for the clarity of procedures it is a must to go through the terms and conditions before agreeing on the contract.

5. Gas Costs
Unfortunately, a lot of us consider this cost insignificant. It is a must to do a research about the gas costs to estimate them over a period of time. GasBuddy is a great mobile app that allows you to find out the cost of gas no matter where you go.